Renewable energy sources, particularly solar energy, have grown in popularity during the last decade.
One of the most widely utilized alternative energy in transportation is undoubtedly the technology that directly converts the sun’s rays into electricity.
For a long time, many engineers have wished to create a vehicle that would be quiet and low-maintenance, would not emit hazardous pollutants, and would not need expensive fuel expenses.
How does solar car work? Solar-powered cars have come to the focus as there has been a surge in interest in renewable and sustainable energy sources.
Many automakers are working on solar cars, and the technology can alter the automotive industry’s future.
How does solar car work? Solar cars are electric vehicles that utilize photovoltaic cells to convert solar energy into power.
These vehicles can store some solar energy in batteries, allowing them to operate smoothly at night or without direct sunshine.
When utilized on a broad scale, solar-powered cars assist in reducing not just environmental pollution but also noise pollution.
We’ve all heard about solar-powered cars, which use the sun’s energy to power the vehicle. But did not know how does solar power work?
A solar car is similar to any other four-wheeler, except that the former’s engine utilizes sunshine to power the electric motor.
At the same time, the latter relies only on liquid fuel. Because such cars use the sun’s energy, their emissions are considerably cleaner and milder.
They are not harmful to the environment. Several automakers across the globe are designing and manufacturing eco-friendly vehicles.
So that people can understand how does solar car work? Almost all major automakers have recognized the necessity to create a green car that emits zero emissions and has a good mileage rating.
However, most of the general population is still ignorant of how does solar car work? And what processes are involved in it?
Process of a Solar Car How Does it Work?
How does solar car work? Solar-powered vehicles, like solar-powered houses, utilize solar panels to collect energy from the sun.
Solar panels get made up of smaller components known as solar cells, also known as photovoltaic cells.
These cells convert the sun’s energy into electricity, which powers a battery and the car’s engine.
- How does solar car work? These eco-friendly vehicles have solar panels installed on their roofs or exteriors, which aid in collecting sunlight. The fundamental solar panel comprises many Photovoltaic Cells (PVC), which effectively convert solar energy into electric energy.
- Silicon, Nitrogen, Gallium, and Indium alloys are the most frequently utilized elements in the production of PVC. These elements can absorb light and subsequently release it in the form of fast-moving electrons, which aid in generating electrical current.
- This energy is stored in a green car’s batteries, constructed of specific materials such as lithium-ion, nickel-cadmium, and nickel-metal hydride. All of these components contribute to the battery holding more charge than other traditional battery types.
- When these eco-friendly vehicles are accelerated, the battery provides energy to the electric motor, which assists the car in moving. A solar vehicle can usually function in the voltage range of 80 – 170 V and 50-100 km driving range.
- When a green vehicle gets parked in the sun, the PVC absorbs the sun’s energy and converts it to electric power. It gets stored in the battery for later use.
However, since most of these vehicles are not suited for long-distance travel, they are also equipped with a conventional engine beneath the hood.
When the battery’s energy gets depleted, and the driver has a long distance to travel, this engine kicks in.
While the engines in these vehicles are standard, the solar cells assist in preserving sunlight and utilize it to power the electronic equipment inside, such as the radio, power windows, and instrument cluster.
Such clean and green vehicles get desperately required in today’s society to preserve the planet’s finite, nonrenewable energy supplies for future generations.
The Benefits of Solar Car
Do you now understand how does solar car work? Now let’s discuss some benefits of the solar car.
- Solar energy is a renewable source of energy. This implies that when we use solar energy, we are not decreasing the available supply. Because the sun will continue to shine for millions of years, we have almost limitless, renewable energy.
- This is not the same as obtaining energy from fossil fuels. When we extract oil or coal from the ground and use it to heat houses and power vehicles, it emits harmful waste and is lost forever.
- Cars powered by a solar panel emit no emissions. They do not release any damaging greenhouse gases into the earth’s atmosphere.
- A solar power motor also has no operating expenses. Once constructed, the car is free to drive.
- Another advantage is that the cost of solar technology is decreasing, and solar panels need almost little maintenance once installed. This is opposed to fossil fuel technology.
Disadvantages of Solar-Powered Cars
As there are some advantages of how does solar car work? There are some disadvantages as well.
- The most challenging step to overcome is the inefficiency of turning solar energy into electricity. Currently, only approximately 20% of the energy collected from the sun gets converted into usable power.
- As a result, a solar-powered vehicle for commercial use is highly unfeasible. Both range and speed will be severely restricted.
- Solar energy vehicles intended for professional racing, on the other hand, do exist. They are typically single-passenger vehicles that are constructed flat and low to the ground.
- They’re light, with none of the accouterments we’d expect to see on a commercial road vehicle.
- They get built with the most efficient solar panels possible, spread over the vehicle’s exterior, to optimize the sun’s energy conversion. As a result, these vehicles are prohibitively costly.
Hope you’ll understand now how does solar car work? But the main issue with the production of these solar cars is that they need a large initial lump payment and are not very practical.
However, experts think that new and better methods to harness the sun’s energy will shortly be accessible to the general public.
In such a time, fuel-efficient vehicles in India and overseas would undoubtedly be the best option for potential customers.
Like the current generation, people will get seen buying new and old green vehicles shortly.